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What is CBD and how can it be used to treat medical conditions?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of 113 active cannabinoids contained within the cannabis plant. Cannabidol, as a non-psychoactive drug, can be medically used to treat symptoms of various disorders and diseases, including tumors and autoimmune disorders. It is slowly but surely revolutionizing the way the medical world views cannabis-based treatments of serious, persistent physical and mental health issues. Many have heard of this drug but are left wondering what is CBD.

In every cannabis plant, there is a group of molecules called cannabinoids. The highest concentrations found in cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and CBD. THC is a psychoactive drug (meaning that it changes chemical makeup in the brain).

Unlike THC, CBD is not psychoactive. It acts on a different pathway than THC. It does not have the same binding ability with CB1 and CB2 receptors, which are highly condensed throughout the brain. Instead, it suppresses fatty acid amide hydroxylase (or FAAH, the enzyme responsible for breaking down anandamide), thereby enhancing endocannabinoid tone. Since it inhibits FAAH, the body’s endocannabinoid response is enhanced.

Cannabidol is safe to be taken at elevated doses as it is generally well-tolerated by the body. It is being increasingly considered as an alternative treatment for many diseases and disorders.

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As Editor-in-Chief of Healthy Living + Travel, Craig Oliver is passionate about the ability of health, spa, and wellness travel to enhance our lives.